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Anemia Management Trends in Hospital-Based Dialysis Centers (HBDCs), 2010 to 2013

      Abstract

      Background

      Few data have been reported on anemia management practices in hospital-based dialysis centers (HBDCs), which are uniquely different from other freestanding dialysis centers. Examining data from HBDCs would help determine if HBDCs and the general US dialysis population have similar trends related to how anemia is managed in dialysis patients.

      Objective

      Given recent changes in the prescribing information of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and in end-stage renal disease–related health policy and reimbursement, this study describes trends in anemia management practices in HBDCs from January 2010 through March 2013.

      Methods

      Electronic medical records of 5404 adult hemodialysis patients in 50 US-based HBDCs were analyzed retrospectively. Patients included in the study cohort were aged ≥18 years and had at least 1 hemoglobin (Hb) measurement and 1 dose of an ESA between January 2010 and March 2013. End points included Hb concentration, darbepoetin alfa dosing, epoetin alfa dosing, and iron biomarkers (transferrin saturation and ferritin) and dosing.

      Results

      From 2010 to 2013, mean monthly Hb levels declined from 11.4 to 10.7 g/dL; the percentage of patients with mean monthly Hb levels <10 g/dL increased from 11.3% to 24.4%; and the percentage of patients with mean monthly Hb levels >12 g/dL declined from 30.1% to 11.2%. The median darbepoetin alfa cumulative 4-week dose also declined 38.8%, and the weekly epoetin alfa dose declined 24%. From January 2010 to March 2013, the percentage of patients with transferrin saturation >30% increased from 35.8% to 43.6%, the percentage of patients with ferritin levels >500 ng/mL increased from 62.0% to 77.9%, the percentage of patients with ferritin levels ≥800 ng/mL increased from 28.9% to 47.3%, and the median cumulative 4-week intravenous iron dose increased 50%.

      Conclusions

      These study results support growing evidence that meaningful changes have occurred over the last 3 years in how anemia is clinically managed in US hemodialysis patients. Study limitations include that changes in patient clinical/demographic characteristics over time were not controlled for and that study findings may not be applicable to HBDCs that have different patient populations and/or do not use an electronic medical record system. Continuing to evaluate anemia management practices in HBDCs would provide additional information on the risks and benefits of anemia care. Consistent with national data, the findings from this study indicate that from 2010 to 2013, HBDCs modified anemia management practices for dialysis patients, as evidenced by reductions in mean monthly Hb levels and ESA dosing and by increases in iron biomarkers and dosing.

      Key words

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